Kids ART Classroom

Elements & Standards

Elements of Art:

The elements of art is like ingredients when you cook. You need butter, flour, eggs and chocolate chips to name a few to bake chocolate chip cookies. To create art you need elements like line, color, shape, form, texture and value. 

COLOR: Always has three characteristics, which are hue, value and the intensity. Hue means the shades (Red, yellow or pink), value refers to the lightness or the darkness and intensity refers to the brightness or dullness of the work of art. 

LINE: Describes how the artist has used the lines in many different aspects and describes the various types and styles of lines used in the artwork and how this influences the viewer's point of view.

SHAPE: A shape always has two dimensions, length as well as width. This is represented as an enclosed area that is defined by color, value, space, texture and form. When lines form together, they form shapes. Shapes can be geometrical, rectangles, ovals and squares. 

FORM: A form always has three dimensions; length, width and height. Examples of such would be cubes, pyramids, spheres or even cylinders. Therefore, form has depth as well as height. Sculptures and decorative arts serve as good examples for form.

VALUE: The value refers to the changes in the base color. This is also determined by how much light is reflected or absorbed by any surface. Values mean the various intensities of the tones or colors. This could be the highlights, mid tones or even shadows in any painting or sculpture.

TEXTURE: Texture is the feeling and visual feel of the fabrics, colors, and room accessories. There are two types of : Optical (visual) texture, and texture which you can touch (tactile).


The standards outline what every K-12 student should know and be able to do in the arts.

California Department of Education has the visual art standards for Elementary school.


1.0 Artistic Perception

2.0 Creative expression

3.0 Historical and Cultural Context

4.0 Aesthetic Valuing 

5.0 Connections, relationships, applications 


You can find the National Standards at Arts Edge 

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